[221][256] The largest reported occupations are professionals, clerical and administrative workers, managers, technicians and trades workers, and community and personal service workers. The inner city measures 25 square kilometres (10 square miles), the Greater Sydney region covers 12,367 square kilometres (4,775 square miles), and the city's urban area is 1,687 square kilometres (651 square miles) in size.[74][75][76]. In 2015, Sydney was ranked 13th for being the top fashion capitals in the world. In 1804, Irish convicts led the Castle Hill Rebellion, a rebellion by convicts against colonial authority in the Castle Hill area of the British colony of New South Wales. [78] Port Jackson, better known as Sydney Harbour, is one such ria. [204] Acclaimed architects such as Jean Nouvel, Harry Seidler, Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano, Norman Foster, and Frank Gehry have each made their own contribution to the city's skyline. New South Wales State in se Australia, on the Tasman Sea; the capital is Sydney.Captain James Cook first visited the area in 1770, landing at Botany Bay.He claimed the e coast of Australia for Britain, naming it New South Wales.The colony developed in the 19th century with the growth of the wool industry. [184][185][186], In 1814 the Governor called on a convict named Francis Greenway to design Macquarie Lighthouse. Sydney is the capital of New South Wales. The first cricket club was formed in 1826 and matches were played within Hyde Park throughout the 1830s and 1840s. [121][122], The rainfall has a moderate to low variability and it is spread through the months, though it has been erratic in recent times. Only 33.1% of the population had both parents born in Australia. [270], In 1985 the Federal Government granted 16 banking licences to foreign banks and now 40 of the 43 foreign banks operating in Australia are based in Sydney, including the People's Bank of China, Bank of America, Citigroup, UBS, Mizuho Bank, Bank of China, Banco Santander, Credit Suisse, Standard Chartered, State Street, HSBC, Deutsche Bank, Barclays, Royal Bank of Canada, Société Générale, Royal Bank of Scotland, Sumitomo Mitsui, ING Group, BNP Paribas, and Investec. This article is about the Australian metropolis. [397] A light rail line serving Western Sydney has also been announced, due to open in 2023. Proceedings 8th Australia New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics: Consolidating Knowledge. Radio became a popular tool for politics, news, religion, and sport and has managed to survive despite the introduction of television and the Internet. It was not until the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge that the northern reaches of the coast became more heavily populated. [148][149] The suburb of Paddington is a well known suburb for its streets of restored terrace houses, Victoria Barracks, and shopping including the weekly Oxford Street markets.[150]. Try to find some letters, so you can find your solution more easily. [221] Undergraduate or postgraduate qualifications are held by 22.5% of working age Sydney residents and 40.2% of working age residents of the City of Sydney. Macquarie served as the last autocratic Governor of New South Wales, from 1810 to 1821 and had a leading role in the social and economic development of Sydney which saw it transition from a penal colony to a budding free society. [326] Fox Studios Australia commenced production in Sydney in 1998. [255] It was made up of 61.2% full-time workers, 30.9% part-time workers, and 6.0% unemployed individuals. [26][266][271][272], Sydney has been a manufacturing city since the protectionist policies of the 1920s. Sydney's beaches had become popular seaside holiday resorts, but daylight sea bathing was considered indecent until the early 20th century.[49]. [266] New private banks opened throughout the 1800s but the financial system was unstable. [127] In late autumn and winter, east coast lows may bring large amounts of rainfall, especially in the CBD. Balance of New South Wales: Central West, Far West-North Western, Hunter, Illawarra, Mid-North Coast, Murray-Murrumbidgee, Northern, Richmond-Tweed, South Eastern Statistical Districts. The Sydney International tennis tournament is held here at the beginning of each year as the warm-up for the Grand Slam in Melbourne. Many of the convicts that survived the trip from England continued to suffer from dysentery, smallpox, scurvy, and typhoid. The average annual precipitation (all falling as rain) is 47 inches (1,200 mm), spread relatively evenly throughout the year. [64][65][66] Nevertheless, Sydney exceeded Melbourne's population in the early twentieth century and remains Australia's largest city. [273] Its status has declined in more recent decades, making up 12.6% of employment in 2001 and 8.5% in 2011. [286] With convict transportation it almost tripled in ten years to 2,953. [78], The Sydney Basin bioregion includes coastal features of cliffs, beaches, and estuaries. [280][281][282], Sydney is the highest ranking city in the world for international students. One such storm was the 1999 hailstorm, which produced massive hailstones up to 9 cm (3.5 in) in diameter. Australians aren't that fussed", "Sydney, Melbourne more expensive than New York, says Living Index", "Sydney retains #10 ranking in Mercer's global quality of living survey", "World's most liveable cities: Vienna's win leaves Sydney and Melbourne in a spin", "Another shot at making city a finance hub", "History of the Library | State Library of New South Wales", "Hyde Park: Plan of Management and Masterplan", "Settlers' history rewritten: go back 30,000 years", Phillip, Arthur (1738–1814) by B. H. Fletcher, "The origin of the smallpox outbreak in Sydney in 1789", "WHO WE ARE: The man who nearly changed everything", "Coffee Palaces in Australia: A Pub with No Beer", "Emerald City rewatched – Melbourne-Sydney rivalry in a screwball dramedy", "Sydney 2000: Closing Ceremony; A Fond Farewell From Australia", "Census of population and housing: selected characteristics for urban centres, Australia", "Green streets: which city has the most trees? These span up to about 11 km west of the CBD. Sydney Airport, officially "Sydney Kingsford-Smith Airport", is located in the inner southern suburb of Mascot with two of the runways going into Botany Bay. Try your search in the crossword dictionary! Sydney, city, capital of the state of New South Wales, Australia. [245] Significant capital began to flow into the city from the 1870s to finance roads, railways, bridges, docks, courthouses, schools and hospitals. Area City of Sydney, 10.3 square miles (26.7 square km); Greater Sydney Statistical Area, 4,790 square miles (12,406 square km). Its collection was founded in the 1940s by artist and art collector John Power and has been maintained by the University of Sydney. Clue length Answer; New South Wales capital: 6: sydney: Likely related crossword puzzle clues. Around 29 clan groups of the Eora Nation inhabited the region at the time of European contact. The city's New Year's Eve celebrations are the largest in Australia. Includes those identifying as, Benson, D. H. and Howell J. [345] Rugby league separated from rugby union in 1908. The air quality was 11 times the hazardous level in some days,[406][407] even making it worse than New Delhi's,[408] where it was also compared to "smoking 32 cigarettes" by Associate Professor Brian Oliver, a respiratory diseases scientist at the University of Technology Sydney.[409]. [345] Royal Randwick Racecourse opened in 1833 and holds several major cups throughout the year. Aust. [34] It was extended to Lilyfield in 2000 and then Dulwich Hill in 2014. Sydney Harbour, Garigal, and Lane Cove national parks are in the city itself; Kur-ring-gai Chase National Park is just to the north; and Botany Bay and Royal national parks are just to the south. Sydney's iconic Opera House was opened in 1973 by Her Majesty. [28] Sydney is also home to the oldest library in Australia, the State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. [N 4][294][295], 38.2% of people in Sydney speak a language other than English at home with Mandarin (4.7%), Arabic (4.0%), Cantonese (2.9%), Vietnamese (2.1%) and Greek (1.6%) the most widely spoken.[298]. The Bulletin was founded in Sydney in 1880 and became Australia's longest running magazine. Referring crossword puzzle answers. Contemporary buildings in the CBD include Citigroup Centre,[207] Aurora Place,[208] Chifley Tower,[209][210] the Reserve Bank building,[211] Deutsche Bank Place,[212] MLC Centre,[213] and Capita Centre. Suburbs surrounding the CBD include Woolloomooloo and Potts Point to the east, Surry Hills and Darlinghurst to the south, Pyrmont and Ultimo to the west, and Millers Point and The Rocks to the north. Hello! Conflicts arose between the governors and the officers of the Rum Corps, many of which were land owners such as John Macarthur. [50] The region's indigenous population was also suffering. To relieve congestion on the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Harbour Tunnel opened in August 1992. Covering 5,800 square kilometres (2,200 sq mi) and having an estimated resident population as at 2017 of 2,288,554, western Sydney has the most multicultural suburbs in the country. Basalt distribution and volume estimates of Cenozoic volcanism in the Bowen Basin region of eastern Australia: Implications for a waning mantle plume. [254] Working residents of Sydney work an average of 1,846 hours per annum with 15 days of leave. Phillip described Port Jackson as being "without exception the finest harbour in the world". Governor Lachlan Macquarie solved the second problem by creating two coins from every Spanish silver dollar in circulation. [402] Bankstown Airport is Sydney's second busiest airport, and serves general aviation, charter and some scheduled cargo flights. Explore the city of Sydney and the annual Vivid Sydney festival. [206] Sydney is home to Australia's first building by renowned Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, the Dr Chau Chak Wing Building (2015), based on the design of a tree house. [114], The Bureau of Meteorology reported that 2002 to 2005 were the warmest summers in Sydney since records began in 1859. [197] The neo-Classical and French Second Empire style Town Hall was completed in 1889. [2][370] The most common fields of tertiary qualification are commerce (22.8%), engineering (13.4%), society and culture (10.8%), health (7.8%), and education (6.6%). We have 1 Answer (s) Refine the search results by specifying the number of letters. [378] St Vincent's Hospital was founded in 1857,[147] followed by Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children in 1880,[379] the Prince Henry Hospital in 1881,[380] the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in 1882,[381] the Royal North Shore Hospital in 1885,[382] the St George Hospital in 1894,[383] and the Nepean Hospital in 1895. Seventy beaches can be found along its coastline with Bondi Beach being one of the most famous. [267] The Commonwealth Bank of Australia was formed in Sydney in 1911 and began to issue notes backed by the resources of the nation. Climate. The Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race is a 1,170-kilometre (727-mile) event that starts from Sydney Harbour on Boxing Day. Need help with another clue? The internal combustion engine made buses more flexible than trams and consequently more popular, leading to the progressive closure of the tram network with the final tram operating in 1961. [217], Sydney surpass both New York City and Paris real estate prices, having some of the most expensive in the world,[218][219] The city remains Australia's most expensive housing market, with the mean house price at $1,142,212 as of December 2019 (over 25% higher the national mean house price).[220]. [320] Contemporary writers, such as Elizabeth Harrower, were born in the city and thus set most of the work there–Harrower's debut novel Down in the City (1957) was mostly set in a King's Cross apartment. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [54], Between 1790 and 1816, Sydney became one of the many sites of the Australian Frontier Wars, a series of conflicts between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the resisting Indigenous clans. Yet the general effect of Sydney is attractive, and the innumerable bays and arms of the harbour, stretching into the land and providing unexpected views from almost every street, make it a most pleasing city. This fun and easy-to-use crossword puzzle app features new, themed puzzles each day.Highly addictive and fun! [58] The Rum Rebellion of 1808 was the only successful armed takeover of government in Australian history, where the Governor of New South Wales, William Bligh, was ousted by the New South Wales Corps under the command of Major George Johnston, who led the rebellion. He spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. [73] Sydney has maintained extensive political, economic and cultural influence over Australia as well as international renown in recent decades. [187][188] Customs House was built in 1844 to the specifications of Lewis, with additions from Barnet in 1887 and W L Vernon in 1899. This area includes suburbs in the local government areas of Hornsby Shire, City of Ryde, the Municipality of Hunter's Hill and parts of the City of Parramatta. The Sydney Blue Sox contest the Australian Baseball League. [365] It is responsible for fostering development in the local area, providing local services (waste collection and recycling, libraries, parks, sporting facilities), representing and promoting the interests of residents, supporting organisations that target the local community, and attracting and providing infrastructure for commerce, tourism, and industry. The Great Depression of the 1930s had a severe effect on Sydney's economy, as it did with most cities throughout the industrial world. [21][22] Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity,[23] Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance, manufacturing and tourism. He thought that the land looked like the south coast of Wales. [86], Sydney is home to dozens of bird species,[87] which commonly include the Australian raven, Australian magpie, crested pigeon, noisy miner and the pied currawong, among others. [88] Reptile species are also numerous and predominantly include skinks. [363], In the past, the state has tended to resist amalgamating Sydney's more populated local government areas as merged councils could pose a threat to its governmental power. It services 46 international and 23 domestic destinations. A city of southeast Australia on an inlet of the Tasman Sea. The Hornsby Plateau is located to the north and is dissected by steep valleys. [2] At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. The National Institute of Dramatic Art is based in Sydney and has several famous alumni such as Mel Gibson, Judy Davis, Baz Luhrmann, Cate Blanchett, Hugo Weaving and Jacqueline Mckenzie.[327]. [201] It was built on the site of the Sydney Central Markets and accommodates 200 shops across its three storeys.[202]. [41] The principal language groups were Darug, Guringai, and Dharawal. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". The city is also prone to severe storms. [139] Recent statements by the state government (on the topic of the COVID-19 pandemic) have included the Blue Mountains, the Central Coast, and Wollongong as parts of Greater Sydney. [303], Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park is rich in Indigenous Australian heritage, containing around 1,500 pieces of Aboriginal rock art – the largest cluster of Indigenous sites in Australia, surpassing Kakadu, which has around 5,000 sites but over a much greater landmass. [358] The Parliament of New South Wales sits in Parliament House on Macquarie Street. [35], The first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians who had migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Capital Country Holiday Park is close to Monte Pinto. Sydney Theatre Company maintains a roster of local, classical, and international plays. The Sydney Opera House is the home of Opera Australia and Sydney Symphony. Sydney Metro, a driverless rapid transit system separate from the suburban commuter network, commenced operation in May 2019 and will be extended into the city and down southwest by 2024 and through the inner west to Parramatta by 2030. [24][25] There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Most of Sydney's water storages can be found on tributaries of the Nepean River. It transports water 100 kilometres (62 miles) from the Nepean, Cataract, and Cordeaux rivers and continues to service about 15% of Sydney's total water needs. Five public universities maintain secondary campuses in the city for both domestic and international students: the University of Notre Dame Australia, Central Queensland University, Victoria University, University of Wollongong, and University of Newcastle. [169] Auburn Botanic Gardens, a botanical garden situated in Auburn, attracts thousands of visitors each year, including a significant number from outside Australia. Sydney's earliest migrants brought with them a passion for sport but were restricted by the lack of facilities and equipment. Basedow, H. 1914. [63], After a period of rapid growth, further discoveries of gold in Victoria began drawing new residents away from Sydney towards Melbourne in the 1850s, which created a historically strong rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne. Its tracks form part of the New South Wales railway network. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". New industries such as information technology, education, financial services and the arts have risen. [243] The Global Cities Index recognises it as number fourteen in the world based on global engagement. More than 50,000 international students study at the city's universities and a further 50,000 study at its vocational and English language schools. [349] Since its inception in 1945 it has been recognised as one of the most difficult yacht races in the world. [342] Sydney's first radio stations commenced broadcasting in the 1920s. [221] Whilst terrace houses are common in the inner city areas, it is detached houses that dominate the landscape in the outer suburbs. [138] This adds another 330,000 people to the metropolitan area covered by Greater Sydney Commission. During the war, Sydney experienced a surge in industrial development to meet the needs of a wartime economy. Temperance coffee palaces, hotels as well as other civic buildings such as libraries and museums were erected in the city. [171] The greater west also includes Sydney Olympic Park, a suburb created to host the 2000 Summer Olympics, and Sydney Motorsport Park, a motorsport circuit located in Eastern Creek. [128], In spring and summer, black nor'easters are usually the cause of heavy rain events, though other forms of low-pressure areas may also bring heavy deluge and afternoon thunderstorms. The state-owned corporation WaterNSW now manages eleven major dams: Warragamba one of the largest domestic water supply dams in the world,[432] Woronora, Cataract, Cordeaux, Nepean, Avon, Wingecarribee Reservoir, Fitzroy Falls Reservoir, Tallowa, the Blue Mountains Dams, and Prospect Reservoir. [362], In common with other Australian capital cities, Sydney has no single local government covering its whole area. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. [13] Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, and the city has the third-largest foreign-born population of any city in the world after London and New York City. Sydney is Australia's largest metropolitan area, chief port, and main cultural and industrial center; roughly one fifth of Australia's population lives in the Greater Sydney area. [298], 1.5% of the population, or 70,135 people, identified as Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders) in 2016. [174] Westfield Parramatta in Parramatta is Australia's busiest Westfield shopping centre, having 28.7 million customer visits per annum. [433] Water is collected from five catchment areas covering 16,000 square kilometres (6,178 square miles) and total storage amounts to 2.6 teralitres (0.6 cubic miles). Since the 1970s Sydney has undergone a rapid economic and social transformation. The year 1840 was the final year of convict transportation to Sydney, which by this time had a population of 35,000. The Sydney Writers' Festival is held every year between April and May. 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